Monday, April 25, 2011

Street Photography Techniques

I'm sure everyone can take pictures easily, whether open or closed space. Many problems when we open in or out. Lighting - well done - a flash of light around, and so on affects the object that we take. Below are some photographic techniques in the street.
If you start the challenge is to overcome the fear of photographing strangers. Since the lenses are usually to "street photography" is used because you can stand a few meters from the subject, the camera, you focus your eyes and press the shutter button without getting nervous? Good street photographer, not only the first fear (it's a good sign to be case sensitive) but not with all that will change the debate as they should behave.
With a little practice you can overcome your aversion to photograph strangers and to learn techniques to help you better pictures honest. A word of caution - can be addictive. After some time the photographer will choose the path that felt the best place in the restaurant is or what side of the road the best chance.
Psychology and moral issues
The first thing is to accept that the planned attacks on privacy. You can have the best intentions in the world, but if you choose the camera to someone without permission to select their personal attack space. That's what it means to take the path of truth. Before entering the physical techniques, easing the task, it is important to look at your motives. Most of the time you see something that you share with the world. Maybe funny, weird, mysterious, with an attractive design or other features that you think deserves to shoot. But you are afraid to shoot. This is normal. If you are just starting out, ask if you have a picture when you think of any fear of the consequences you are taking. It may say too extreme, but it's your last day on earth, and that nothing else matters but always the picture. Take a deep breath after learning various techniques listed below - you must be willing to do it.
The camera?
The camera has the following characteristics: dark quiet (F-stop of F2.0 or lower) shutter, interchangeable lens, fast lens no shutter lag, RAW capture mode, the ability to focus his eyes, high use ASA good and easy enough to all contribute. I do not know if there is a point and shoot digital camera, all of these criteria. Digital SLR (DSLR) will meet all or most of the property met. Canon 40D, for example, no heavier than a Leica M, but before the big lens. The highlight of the end, shoot, called a digital camera has some features, but I do not have interchangeable lenses and zoom lenses are usually faster than F2.8 at large.
During harvest DSLR camera has many functions well.
So let's go with it. Regardless of your digital camera, turn the camera makes a beep. Even the sound directly on the LCD screen. Run some tests to determine the highest ASA can be used without too much noise. Again, this is where is the best DSLR. Cameras like the Canon Mark II, you can the ASA as high as 3200 (maybe more) without the digital images a lot of noise. Most point and shoot digital cameras to create many reflections of 200 ASA.
Most digital cameras, all on the edge of a finger focus matrix ticks. Keep the focus to concentrate and make the others.
cut off for digital camera with 30mm F1.4 lens sensor is a good walk. Sigma offers a very good, even if you remember, do not work with Sigma 30 mm F1.4 full-frame sensor). If you have a full-size sensor, 35mm F1.4 lens with the combined use 50mm F1.4 a very good combination. With a lens that gives you a shot with very good quality F1.4 important. And because it's open, the lens is F1.4 does not mean it is good that the F-stop, so carefully choose, for this purpose. Overall, Canon, 50mm F1.4 on full sensor, and works with cropped sensor and is one of the best lenses and compare it with other inexpensive F1.4 lenses.
DSLR usually have a way to cut the exposure of the fulcrum. It's a good idea to do this. Canon 40D and Canon cameras and almost all (the film goes back to days) has this feature. They can be a major goal of the button on the back of the camera and press the shutter exposure. I live on the recognition that often the buttons on the back before, focus on shooting, and then triggered when the camera is the eye. The idea that you take the camera, the exposure from the heart, it makes sense. In general, if you rely on the meter, not to stop the fire, and they have to do a joint reading of the meter, which the frame.
If sunny days or cloudy days - ASA 800 is a good starting point. You almost always want to get the shutter speed you can. If the camera produces images that is not entitled, according to ASA at 800, the camera should be used.

Do not use a lens cap. Not any time for any reason. You should always have a UV on the lens that protects the lens and makes it easy to shoot fast filter. You can always tell an amateur when they use the lens cap.
It is the place to dress like a tourist. I'm not kidding. Even if you live in your city for 50 years, tourism map and get a dress that just arrived in the western half of vacation. I discover to leave that part for you.
Visit the bustling tourist attraction, where everyone has a camera. Dress and act like all other tourists. Research on the tourist map. Set a reference point as everyone else. And keep an eye on interesting topics.
Do not remove the camera after stroke
It begins like any other. Take pictures of landmarks. Keep your camera to your eye, now you can scan through the crowd of something interesting. If you take a picture, remove the camera from the eye, even after the photos you want. Next move to the camera and pretend to shoot. Never let the fact that you shoot someone, you get the camera out of sight, and shooting.
I can not find any decent pictures, but it's an easy way to start. There is no reason to be very scary you find that even very close to your subject you can take pictures without arousing suspicion. You can use the same technique on a street festival or parade. Almost all packed with tourists, is a good place to train.
Keep your eyes open, the LCD-stop
Keep your eyes open shots. You must be able to see the topic, perhaps even with the camera to the eye. Most digital SLR cameras have screen for viewing images on LCD. You have to be gone forever.
You just do not want on the LCD when the camera is the eyes. It stinks and betrays the fact that you took the shot, especially at night. Additionally, when can the screen, and hold the camera a bit before your face, you see a mirror image of what is happening behind you.
Know what's going on behind the hand, the way to go through the people that it is possible to estimate the distance to potential problems if we run around and focused on camera to the shooting. Of course you need the speed with which they go against you measure where you go duo. But again - if you change the camera fixed on the eye as you look straight. You'd be surprised how easy it is to take pictures of subjects when it is five feet or more of you without your knowledge.
Shooting from the hip VS. View Room For Your Eyes
As a rule of Street Photography, if you get a picture with your camera to your eye, you get better pictures. I know there are a whole school photo shoot from the hip, you can practice too much, but you can never hit a shot, even if you set your camera to your eye. (It is quite controversial in my opinion.) There will be times when it is simply impossible to shoot with your camera to your eye and shoot from the hip is worth learning. But I do not think this is a good way to start.
You have choices about the depth of field. A common technique for street photographers rely on hyper-focal distance. I do not think is it necessary with the new camera with autofocus, but the idea is that with the wide-angle lens 30-35 mm range, you can use the lens on F8, if you have enough light, and focusing on the development of ten meters and all of about 6 meters to 15 meters would be a hyperfocal (I can not see the lens as I can so that the right distance and aperture can be dead, as well as write modern. autofocus slow hyperfocal scale, but not with the old camera hyperfocal scale of the lens, this method is tried and true ..) I did not bother with the new camera with auto focus.
For example, Canon and Nikon DSLR set a key goal of the button on the back of the camera shutter button and exposure. It is expected to shoot a particular subject, and hold to focus on them, but maybe you are not willing to take moving pictures of them not very productive. You can wait until you are ready to make the images, or you can change the lens to focus the user by pressing a button. You can then release the button and know that the main objective remains the same. Do not forget to activate the autofocus on the lens back when it is finished or the next shot will be blurred.
Modern cameras have a focal point of the matrix. This is a big plus. But they are not very useful screen. I recommend you disable all the focus, but the main point, that in the run-zoom. I do not like the idea that the camera decided to focus what.
Suppose that you see on the streets of New York a group of people who go the right building support. You know you turn to face to make them into your image and then on foot. Therefore, the distance between you and the whole building is just to the right is the same. They focus on building just before your subject and focus-lock on it. Well, as you approach the topic, go right and take your pictures without focusing.
All Members
This technique is still far in the history of street photography. Walker Evans bring a friend who shared with him and stood on the busy street pretending to shoot. If the bait to move the camera, he was not in the pictures of people behind it.
Gadget smart camera has been around for 100 years. Additional right of the mesh is often used by famous photographers street. You can rotate at different angles, you are right look in different directions from which the destination address.
Device similar results at the end of the lens is a mirror. Before the lens points straight, but the mirror left or right.
Gadgets they can still, but they take some getting used to. I have not found them to be necessary, although I have experience in both devices.
Hard standings
Local subways and more popular street photographers.
As Walker Evans made his U-series "Portrait", he used a twin lens Rolleiflex camera. He looks to focus on the TV screen and write. Evans uses a cable release that ran up the sleeve of his jacket. He put the camera on his lap, sat in front of the subject held his right hand in his pocket to solve the cable.
He knew beforehand that the distance is too subjective. If you shoot on the subway line, which always have the same size. If you do not auto-focus camera, you know, the distance between various points.
Evans had a problem with the installation. After his shot, which is clearly the film to the next frame is advanced. Usually you wake up and sit in another car loaded with a new framework.
Although the subway is a tough place to turn, it has one advantage: it is too loud. There is always enough to dampen the sound by pressing the shutter button. I have thousands of pictures on the subway with a camera to my eye, without any further problems that sometimes looks bad. But on camera, he raised his eyes to be focused. This applies to most hits the road.
You can refer to not concentrate when they see themselves, set the lens of the camera to manual and wait "time" if it never happened.
When the train or anywhere else, it's easy to shoot is when distractions. For example, the Mariachi band car, then everyone will be able to see. You can shoot without being noticed other passengers.
And if you look, you will find that your camera when you take some pictures of the Mariachi band. The same technique to shoot with the reference point as an excuse.
Another modern phenomenon that makes life easier for photographers of all roads, even a tram or metro, which has already diverted their iPods, cell phones, BlackBerry devices and electronic books. One day I was on the train and saw all around me has headphones or read their e-mail. In combination with the sound of the train, I can picture the first floor of a passenger on one foot and a half away, observed by someone without. I find it unbelievable. Not like a decade ago.
Shutter speed
Generally speaking, for the hand of the recording, the shutter speed is equal to the focal length of the lens. When shooting with 30-mm lens, the shutter speed must be at least 1/30th of a second. If you with a 90mm lens, shoot second of at least 1/90th shutter speed needs to avoid blurring from camera shake.
Some photographers can hand hold the camera at 1/15th of a second, with 30-mm lens, and some find it difficult to keep the camera steady enough even 1/30th second with 30 mm lens. So it's just a book. Camera shake is also the owner of the camera. A reflex camera back, with mirror stroke, tremors more than point and shoot camera without a mirror. Many digital SLR now offers a "Live Mode", which is a mirror layer. Then you have to experiment to find the combination of lens / shutter speed to avoid camera shake with the configuration.
But remember that camera shake is not the same as motion blur. Although the camera mounted on a tripod with cable release like a mirror when the subject is moving too fast shutter speed, you have the perfect background blur (no camera movement) with opaque object.
I call the technique a step derived. It is the destination is able to move mid-step freeze is necessary while you press the shutter button, and then continue as if nothing happened. If you do it slowly, someone is going too quickly you could almost see why you froze for a moment, as he puts the camera in the eye to take a picture of a man walking toward. For this type of recording, where the subject (s) directly to you, you better use exposure times that can be managed.
Digital SLR cameras usually have the settings as follows: P (Programmed Auto), AV (Open), TV (Shutter) and M (manual mode). They have also put aa number of symbols, the other conditions, such as type of action or portrait mode and night mode. Do not use. Also, you do not take the machine to make decisions for you.
But it is useful to set the TV to AV, so that by turning the knob, you're ready or aperture priority mode are open. Working in cases where running a sunny day and go, and I hope you take pictures of other people on TV, can the shutter speed is 1/1.000 to one second. It is assumed that you can have a relatively fast lens, 800 ASA shoot.
But back to the tribal stage. Your camera around your neck. They wear dresses of tourism. We see an interesting situation developing in front of you. The camera is set to 1/1000th shutter speed (more if you can) and how far you have to imagine what will happen if you take a picture. Set the camera to introduce the sidewalk we focus away, you will take your picture and focus on key input
Now, only if the right situation, you stop, sometimes in the middle, move the camera to your eye. You will know whether it is a vertical line or not and what will be a frame, and if you are still in stock, take your picture, and if nothing had happened, we continue our journey. You have exceeded the topic. Even if you do see are likely to return to the website because it only took her picture. Maybe you can not.
ASA High Performance
One of the advantages of modern digital cameras is the ability to shoot high ASA. You can turn around and shutter speed to 1/4000th second with the ASA have, 1600 Some newer cameras, a ranking that ASA can be used by 32,000 or more, without noise RAW image. This opens up a new world of street photographers. With ASA you can shoot high with a large aperture fast shutter speed in low light conditions, such as the U-Bahn. For example, you can use F11 F-Stop to 1/1000th of a second shutter speed and still have enough light for proper exposure of the U-Bahn. This is a new development in the shooting in the streets.
In the past, to promote their films to street photographers or film for faster absorption. You can use the ASA 1600 or more, but a negative result is rough. I can write this, Canon Mark II fast 1600 ASA again with the same results or more in the film 400 ASA black and white.
Do not throw anything away
No matter how hard you tried, no matter how good your road, most of the photos you to be normal. He was after a day of shooting with what they show back. You feel productive.
Street photography is like fishing. If you like fishing, trapping is important, but the whole experience of getting up early, and made many fruitless print your boat is not productive. Enjoy the experience when you fish or not. You can not expect the magic wand to throw fish at once.
Best captures the way to atone for all the shots are not attractive. In contrast to fish, you can not always easy when you know great pictures captured. Many roads collect them sit for a while "before you can see for yourself what it means: Do not throw anything away backup copies of your images, and even if you think they are not as good -.. do not throw it, since it is impossible describe, that is. What makes a good shot from the street, throw anything away. even shoot-out-of-focus can be something interesting, if you go far enough to be assessed. you can do something from a picture that looks boring place if you look back a few years later. It happened to me enough times I did not delete your digital photos.
The people are aware
Street Photography is easier than the first. The people in town for a walk with their senses clogged. More people understand what is happening around them, so a year earlier. The music is radiation in their ears, or talk to their phones. If you do not talk on the phone, through the streets, if you read their e-mail. This facilitates foreign photo without looking at you.
Street Photography is more difficult than the first. Since we live in an era of urban terrorism web publishing, the public and the police suspect than ever. Concern that tourist attractions and features. Subway and the streets filled with cameras, watching every move. While we make your image, it is likely to be photographed. New York and all major infrastructure projects include signage photography.
New York made in spite of the law to the subway in question, you probably by the police, it might take a terrorist to his thinking. You can not know the law. It may be the underground, if you do not have flash or tripod. But there is always a good idea to have a valid ID when you must stop. I heard many times during filming on the subway, I usually just explain that I am a photographer, am in black and white art, and showed a clear identity, and that was enough. If you want to use flash or tripod, you can still get a special permit to film in the Metro.
Applications for approval
wanted a photographer, I began to know if there is a good idea to ask the permission of the subject. It would be better if you can, but not practical. When you start a conversation with your subject, you do not do this screen. Since then, the person will be and you do what I call street portraits. If you have a publication? If you have a portrait of the streets, not practical. On any given day you can take 100 pictures just in order to find a good (if you're lucky). You can not ask any person who is the release of many images of her paintings people who come to you signed in a heartbeat.
What to do if you get caught
At some point, you're caught, you approach the subject. Maybe it means: "Take my picture."
Honesty is best policy. The answer is "yes." Smile and try to explain what it is that I find very interesting about them. With a digital camera you can see the image on the back of the camera. This person may be in danger, or they may be flattered. If they're angry, and the image is not too high, so you can offer to remove it for them - rather than jokes. Remove as they look. If it is to save a great shot, so they must beat. When using film camera, you can simply shrug his shoulders and say "no". But everyone knows that you see the picture on the back of the camera.
Most of the time people flattered and wanted to know if you want to make a new image. At this point they are almost always paid, and take you to know that will never use. She did not write the military. Only very few images that go into the casino should be at the top. In all my years of shooting was the worst thing that happened when I asked those who wanted to delete their photos. I think it happened twice ten thousand hits.
- Choose a place with many tourists is easy when you start the first time.
- Turn off the camera does not beep.
- When you photograph people in the audience, not separate from the eye to the camera when you take the picture, but still scanning the crowd with him.
- Turn off your instant replay on a digital LCD
- Use a wide angle to normal.
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